Immersion in TIES is immersion in the Essence of Montessori…

In Maria’s words…excerpts from the 1935 Practical and Philosophy manuals of Victoria Goldbrough

Below are text pages of Philosophy and image pages featuring the Exercise and an explaination of the method/meaning. This collection is so extensive it spans two web pages!

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Montessori says. “The characteristics [of normalization are] greater sensibility(ies) in affection; we have been stuck by this manifestation of the loving spirit on the part of the child. This has enabled us to understand other forms of love that have not been so evident so that it goes beyond the limits of the general use of the word.”

Here, Montessori directly connects the process of normalization and the development of love. Some of the traits of normalization include, but are limited to, deep concentration, collaboration, repetition, empathy, humility, compassion, independence, cooperation, and love of silence.

A page from the Montessori educational materials of Victoria Goldsbrough
An interesting note to this set of bead bars is that the original colour of the 8-bar changed in recent times.
Looking at bead bars in their original colours.
This material consists of a violet felt mat embroidered to mark the columns of units, tens etc. to 1,000,000. It is not necessary to know “tables” to work with this material, but only the principle of changing from one hierarchy to the next higher when 9 is reached. Simple multiplication sums are done with the coloured bead bars, repeating each bar the required number of times and adding the result in each column.
A closer look at bead bars.
This is the hierarchical material.

It is in this manual for Casa dei Bambini without description of how to present it. The presentation is readily available online. However, we suggest just having the small green unit cube through wooden thousand cube on the mat. After presenting and matching the golden beads to these wooden materials, the question is posed, “I wonder what comes next?”

After a few moments the guide and one other child retrieve the 10,000 wood representation hidden in a closet or under a felt mat. Same hidden process for the 100,000 and 1,000,000 except two children are invited. Perhaps ask, Can you imagine what might come after the million cube? How big would it be?

Manual for Casa dei Bambini without description of how to present it.
Love represents life – evolving in normal way, and this preserving force of life that takes so many different forms has the characteristics we find in normal children. P 41
Page 41 from the Montessori educational materials of Victoria Goldsbrough

Exploration of Prime Numbers.

This is one in a series of working sheets that explore multiple. Again, normally presented at the 6-12 teacher education programs, this was given to a class of Children’s House trainees in 1935,

An exploration of prime numbers.
If you have one act of love after another so that the life of the child is filled [with it] we have normalization. And when we see the child return to the same object and work all over again, it is like lovers who never tire of the same old repetitions or the mystic repeating meditations and prayers. We express love — uniform they are — so that we may say they link together all human beings.
Page 50 from the Montessori educational materials of Victoria Goldsbrough
Multiplication of long numbers can be done on this frame but “tables” must be known. The multiplier is analysed on cardboard figures placed at the right of the frame – the multiplicand is written on a strip of cardboard and placed at the bottom. This is moved as the x proceeds by 10, 100, etc. (Again it was given to trainees for 2 ½ – 7 years of age.)
Multiplication tables
I wish to touch upon some of the modern theories regarding the cosmic relations of all things. And especially I wish to speak on the theory which considers these matters from a point of view different from those of modern biologists — it is the view of life as a cosmic energy which intervenes in the creation of the world.
…it is that life intervenes not only in the formation of the earth, but also in the sustaining of vital conditions…
Page 51 from the Montessori educational materials of Victoria Goldsbrough

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